With advanced technology, sources of hot water have improved. If you haven’t replaced your water heater system over the years, it’s time to make that change and experience the new efficiency brought about by this new technology. You don’t have to heat your drinking water from your kitchen cooker as this amount to time inconveniences. The following models could help you in your daily water heating schedules considering the amount of water you are heating and how you are heating your water.
Tankless water heater
Tankless model is the commonly used source of hot water. This system is efficient in energy consumption and works very fast. It can be used to heat small amounts of water. Not only does it heat water, but also stores your water. Whenever you need hot water, it’s readily available. This system allows you to choose your preferable source of energy when heating. They are of two types: the tankless gas water heater and the tankless electric water heater. The system is designed in a compact way to save space. It has a longer life expectancy.
Storage tank water heater
This is the most commonly used source of hot water. The tank heats and stores water that can be used when needed. It has a larger capacity hence holds more water. The system is designed in a unique way to allow smooth flow of water from its pipe. The presence of both the temperature and pressure valves allows it to open and release the excess pressure while cooling down the system. Gas operated systems are efficient, but expensive. You can also use the electric storage tank water heater.
Solar water heater
It’s among the latest technology. In most cases, this system is roof mounted and depends on sunrays to operate. The system is very economical as it uses natural energy. With a great wire connection and anti-freeze system, the water being heated serves numerous purposes. Since it has a good backup energy system, this source can operate when the weather is cloudy or sunless.
Condensing water heater
This one works well when you want to heat large amounts of water with gas. This tank is designed to save energy as the exhaust pipes redirect the steam back into the tank where the hot steam meets cold water and the escaping energy is absorbed. The unit is very efficient and economical and can be used for tasks that need large amounts of hot water.
Heat pump water heater
Also known as the hybrid water heater. Unlike other heaters, the water heater is on top. They absorb heat from the air and transfer it to the water in the tank. The energy consumption is excellent as compared to other sources. It works well in areas that experience high temperatures. The amount of water heated is large; hence you need more space for cooling. This unit is slightly expensive compared to the other units, but more efficient in terms of its operational costs.
Sources of water heating are designed to save your time. Before you buy any system, consider its size, efficiency, economy and the purpose energy you are planning to use.
Hard water contains high levels of calcium and magnesium elements. Therefore, such water requires high amount of detergents in order to make it suitable for domestic usage. Also, the water requires to be passed through different processes of water softening at domestic, municipal, county, or state grounds in order to make it suitable for usage by the residents of an area.
Water Hardness In US
In the US, different states have different types of water regarding the level of hardness. Some states have very hard water that requires to be passed through intensive water softening process. Over 80% people in the US access hard water which needs to be softened in different ways.
This implies that over 40 states in US require water softening services regularly. On the other hand, other states have soft water or less hard water which can be simply used at home or locally softened through a cheap and affordable process.
Levels of Hard Water In US?
Water hardness is ranked according to the level of calcium and magnesium elements content in it. Thus, it is categorized into levels such as: slightly hard water, moderately hard water, hard water, and very hard water. The following is guide on the level of water hardness in different states of America.
1) Slightly Hard Water
This is the water that contains 1 to 3.5 grains per gallon. Slightly hard water should not exceed 3 to 3.5 grains per gallon. Such water does not require intensive water softening measures. It can be easily softened at home using chemical or water softener devices. Some of the states with slightly hard water include: Louisiana, Alabama, Mississippi, Washington, Oregon, Arkansas, Georgia, Tennessee, and parts of Oklahoma.
2) Moderately Hard Water
It contains 3.5 to 7 grains per gallon. This water can be softened using home water softener devices. However, it requires to be softened by county government in order to prevent risks in case of domestic softeners failures. States with moderately hard water include: New Orleans, parts of Washington, Oregon, and California, Missouri, parts of Oklahoma, Wyoming, Tennessee, Kentucky, parts of New York and Philadelphia.
3) Hard Water
This type of water contains 7 to 10 grains per gallon. Hard water requires intensive water softening both at public and domestic levels. It is normally passed through water softening systems and devices in order to eliminate hardness ions. States with hard water include: parts of Washington, California, Oregon, Colorado, Texas, Missouri, Michigan, and Virginia.
4) Very Hard Water
This water contains 10 and above grains per gallon. Such water requires intensive water softening techniques such as substitution of ions and mechanical elimination of magnesium and calcium ions from the water. This water is normally softened at the country level before it is re-softened again at the domestic level.
Many states including: Minnesota, North Dakota, Montana, Idaho, Nevada, Colorado, Iowa, Wisconsin, Illinois, and Missouri, California, Utah, New Mexico, and Nebraska have this type of water in different parts or in the entire region of the states.
Different states in US have different types of water regarding its hardness level. Others have mixed types of water. Therefore, if you are not sure of the hardness level of the water in your area, it is important that you seek for water hardness testing from the state health department near you.